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Animal Feed Production
The Netherlands is a small country comprising about 35,000 square kilometres. In addition to being densely populated with people — 17 million — it is home to a great many farm animals. There are some 4 million ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats) as well as 11 million pigs and 100 million head of poultry. Each type of livestock, as well as other domestic animals such as horses, dogs, and cats, requires a specific type of feed. (The breeding of animals is represented in other PUM sectors.)
AREAS OF EXPERTISE
FODDER FARMING, PRODUCTION AND CONSERVATION
When to sow, what type of pest and weed control to use, when to harvest: all are key decisions made by farm management. After conserving the crop in the form of hay or silage, its value as feed is determined in a specialised laboratory. PUM works with agronomists, farmers and nutritionists who have expertise to share in all aspects of the production and preservation of fodder.
ANIMAL FEED FORMULATION
For each species and class of livestock, the optimum feed must be formulated, taking into account cost of production and desired energy, protein, fat, mineral and vitamin content. PUM nutritionists give expert advice on all aspects of feed formulation.
ANIMAL FEED MANUFACTURING
Manufacturing includes processes such as grinding, mixing, pelleting and packaging. PUM experts offer guidance with every step of the process.
ANIMAL-FEED MACHINERY AND PROCESSES
PUM works with engineers who design production chains as well as technicians who demonstrate proper use of equipment.
FEED MILL MANAGEMENT
PUM has added feed-mill managers to its roster of experts. These managers advise on buying ingredients and machinery, storage, the production process, and the transport and marketing of livestock feeds.
LABORATORY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE
Determining the feed value of the ingredients and the end product are essential steps in the production process. Early detection of toxic or undesirable substances in feed is of utmost importance. PUM experts are trained to implement a quality-assurance system. They also have the training to design a laboratory and give pointers on its operation.
Please open the sectorsheet on the right side of this page to find out more.