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Ruminant (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, horses etc.) farming

In the Netherlands, this sector mainly deals with dairy farming although also many sheep, goats and horses are kept. The size of dairy farms has seen a marked expansion over the last 20 years but the number of farms has decreased considerably. The average dairy farm holds 80 cows with a production of about 8500 kg per year. The farmer manages the farm himself, with very few personnel. Sheep are mainly kept for meat production, goats for the production of milk and horses for recreational purposes. The sector is supported by efficient systems of education and research. The experts PUM can provide have ample experience in animal production in the Netherlands and often also abroad. They may be former farmers, teachers, researchers or extension workers. Their specialisations vary from milk production to managing beef cattle, sheep, goats, horses or water buffaloes. All aspects of animal production are covered, including housing, forage production, feeding, breeding and management.

Animal food manufacturing
The Netherlands is a small country with about 90 million poultry, 11 million pigs and 4 million ruminants. To feed all these animals, there is an efficient animal food manufacturing industry.A wide range of private and cooperative feed mills are spread throughout the country. Primarily, they process residues of cereals and of the oil and fat industry for human consumption. Most of the materials needed for the production is imported from all over the world. PUM has a wide range of experts in animal food manufacturing, for the preparation of healthy and profitable livestock feeding. Their specialisation may be in the field of machines, processes or nutritional formulation of mixed concentrates for cattle, pigs, poultry, horses or pets.

Veterinary services
The veterinary service in the Netherlands is organised by private and independent veterinarians. Most are general practitioners with some specialisation in particular animals like cattle, small ruminants, poultry, pigs, horses or pets. Besides health care and disease
prevention of individual animals, the veterinarians are involved with all aspects of management at the farm. This is called Herd Health Management. The main issues that are tackled are mastitis, claw problems and reproductive efficiency.